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Karyotyp definice

Karyotype Definition of Karyotype by Merriam-Webste

  1. Karyotype definition is - the chromosomal characteristics of a cell; also : the chromosomes themselves or a representation of them. How to use karyotype in a sentence. the chromosomal characteristics of a cell; also : the chromosomes themselves or a representation of the
  2. e the chromosome complement of an individual, including the number of chromosomes and any abnormalities. The term is also used for the complete set of chromosomes in a species or in an individual organism and for a test that detects this complement or measures the number
  3. Karyotype. Karyotype. =. A karyotype is an individual's collection of chromosomes. The term also refers to a laboratory technique that produces an image of an individual's chromosomes. The karyotype is used to look for abnormal numbers or structures of chromosomes
  4. The karyotype is a profile or characterization of the chromosome of an individual organism. Karyotyping is the process by which the karyotype is prepared. It makes use of the cells arrested in the metaphase stage (which is done by applying colchicine solution)
  5. Karyotype: A standard arrangement of the chromosome complement prepared for chromosome analysis. A normal female karyotype would include each of the 22 pairs of autosomes (nonsex chromosomes), arranged in numeric order, together with the two X chromosomes. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHO
  6. e the karyotype of an organism, scientists must follow these steps: Collect a cell from an individual Induce the..
  7. ed under the microscope. Most often, this is done using the chromosomes in the white blood cells. A picture of the chromosomes is taken through the microscope

Karyotype - Wikipedi

Karyotyp člověka. Karyotyp člověka se skládá z 23 párů chromozomů (celkem jde tedy o 46 chromozomů). Z toho 22 chromozomů jsou nepohlavní chromozomy a tvoří homologní páry, zatímco poslední pár je heterologní a je tvořen pohlavními chromozomy ().Autozomy jsou označeny arabskými číslicemi od 1 do 22, gonozomy jsou označeny písmeny X a Y karyotyp =obraz celé sady chromozomů daného jedince, seřazený podle daných pravidel - specifický pro každý druh - základní vyšetřovací metoda v cytogenetice (=zkoumá počet, vzhled a změny chrr., vztahy mezi chromozomovými nálezy a genotypem a fenotypem) Definice života, základní charakteristiky živých soustav. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes. 2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification. tr.v. karyo·typed, karyo·typing, karyo·type

Karyotype - Genome.go

A karyotype report is a written proof of what a cytogeneticist observes from your sample. 49 XXXXY Abnormal Karyotype Cell culture Chromosomal abnormalities Chromosome Banding Colchicine Definition of karyotype Definition of karyotype in biology Down syndrome karyotype Edwards Syndrome female karyotype Giemsa staining human karyotype. karyotype. [ ( kar-ee-uh-teyep) ] The complete set of chromosomes that constitutes the entire genome of a species. The human karyotype contains forty-six chromosomes, twenty-three from each parent. This set is contained in the nucleus of almost every cell in the body

Karyotype Definition and Examples - Biology Online Dictionar

Karyotype is defined as the general appearance of chromosomes. An example of karyotype is the size, number and shape of chromosomes in a person's body kar·y·o·type. (kăr′ē-ə-tīp′) The number and shape of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. Scientists prepare karyotypes by staining cell nuclei, placing them on slides, and then photographing them through a microscope. Images of the chromosomes can then be grouped by size using a computer Chromozomální vyšetření (karyotyp) Co jsou chromozomy? Chromozomy jsou bloky genů typického tvaru a počtu uložené v jádrech všech buněk. Člověk má 23 páry chromozomů, tedy 46 chromozomů. Jeden člen páru pochází od matky, druhý od otce. Zralé pohlavní buňky - vajíčka a spermie - mají poloviční počet. Koncepce karyotypu vychází ze dvou slov řeckého jazyka: káryon , který může být přeložen jako jádro a též (jehož překlad je typ ). Představa, používaná v oblasti biologie , se týká skupiny chromozomových párů, v nichž je umístěna buňka . Karyotyp představuje specifické množství chromozomů s určitou velikostí a určitým tvarem, který je spojen s.

Human karyotype Definition View. Precise testing Methodology description Learn more. Browse genes Some of the genes and their role Read more. Previous Next. History fact. The word chromosome comes from the Greek word (chroma, colour) and (soma, body), describing their strong staining by particular dyes. The term was coined by the german. Karyotype, Karyotyping and Preparation of Idiogram What is a Karyotype? All species are characterized by a set of chromosomes to carry their genetic information. The chromosomal composition of each species has a number of characteristics. The Karyotype is a set of characteristics that identifies and describes a particular set of chromosome Downův syndrom je geneticky podmíněná anomálie chromozomů (22 párů a 1 trojici). Nazývá se jinak i trizomie, aneuploidie atd. Molekulární podstata ale může být i translokace (připojení) chromozomu 21 na jiný chromozom The karyotype test may be repeated to confirm that there's an abnormality. Medically reviewed by George Krucik, MD, MBA — Written by Michael Harkin — Updated on August 27, 2019 Karyotyp člověka 1969 -1. proužkovací technika-Q-pruhování - počátek proužkovacích technik-identifikace chromozomů na základě počtu, tloušťky a pozice proužků -G-pruhy -působení trypsinem na metafázní chromozomy s následným barvením Giemsovým barvivem Historie

Definition of Karyotype - MedicineNe

Karyotype A standard arrangement of photographic or computer-generated images of chromosome pairs from a cell in ascending numerical order, from largest to smallest. Mentioned in: Down Syndrome , Genetic Testin The aim of preparing a karyogram or karyotype is to find out any chromosomal variations. Definition: A procedure to study, observe and examine chromosomes aiming to find related alteration is referred to as karyotyping. Steps: Sample collection and tissue culture; Arresting cells at metaphas karyotype (plural karyotypes) The observed characteristics (number, type, shape, etc) of the chromosomes of an individual or species. A record of such characteristics, usually photographic. (obsolete, genetics) A group of individuals or species that have the same chromosomal characteristics. Derived term What is a Karyotype? All species are characterized by a set of chromosomes to carry their genetic information. The chromosomal composition of each species has a number of characteristics. The Karyotype is a set of characteristics that identifies and describes a particular set of chromosome. These characteristics which are described by a karyotype are: There is a growing body of opinion that pregnancies complicated by an abnormal karyotype are associated with greater numbers of fetal cells in maternal blood. From the Cambridge English Corpus Syndromal cases (with normal karyotype ) were typically seen in 5% of cases in population-based surveys

Karyotype Definition 1. What is a karyotype? The name karyotype is given to the set of chromosomes of an individual, usually when visualized and identified under the microscope.. Karyotypes are images which depict individual chromosomes.Karyotes are used by scientists to study chromosomal regulation and evolutionary events in living things. Scientists are able to study the number and. karyotype. Click card to see definition . Tap card to see definition . micrograph of the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped together in pairs, arranged in order of decreasing size. Click again to see term A karyotype is a test to identify and evaluate the size, shape, and number of chromosomes in a sample of body cells. What information can you get from having a karyotype done?-Determine the cause of a baby's birth defects or disabilit A karyotype is an individual's collection of chromosomes. The term also refers to a laboratory technique that produces an image of an individual's chromosomes. The karyotype is used to look for abnormal numbers or structures of chromos..

A karyotype is, quite literally, a photograph of the chromosomes that exist within a cell. A doctor may order a karyotype during pregnancy to screen for common congenital defects. It is also sometimes used to help confirm a leukemia diagnosis Karyotype is the normal nomenclature used to describe the normal or abnormal, constitutional or acquired chromosomal complement of an individual, tissue, or cell line. Numerical chromosome aberrations occur in all dividing cells because of errors during mitosis. In most cases extra or missing chromosomes compromise viability, and it can lead to. Definition of karyotype in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of karyotype. What does karyotype mean? Information and translations of karyotype in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web Karyotypic complexity has been reported to be associated with a poor prognosis in myeloid neoplasia. 1-3 However, the definition of a complex karyotype remains a matter of debate. Most studies defined a complex karyotype as more than or equal to 3 independent abnormalities. 2,4-6 In the Medical Research Council Acute Myeloid Leukemia 10 (MRC AML10) trial, more than or equal to 5 independent. Karyotype: a test that performs a chromosomal analysis from a blood test, used to determine whether the hypotonia is the result of a genetic disorder. 1 1 In rare cases infants with hypospadias occurring closer to the body and who also have undescended testicles, a karyotype or genetic screen may be performed to determine gender

Karyotype: Definition, Disorders & Analysis - Video

A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell. The term is also used for the complete set of chromosomes in a species, or an individual organism Human karyotype describes the chromosome count and morphology of human chromosomes. The karyotype importantly delineates the chromosome count and morphology and gives details about chromosomal length, position of centromeres, banding pattern, differences between chromosomes and other physical characteristics, if any

What Is a Karyotype? : chromosome1

En karyotype er en angivelse af den specifikke kromosombesætning hos eukaryote arter. Begrebet kan også anvendes om den enkelte celle eller det enkelte individ. Studiet af karyotyper er en del af cytogenetikken.. Antallet af kromosomer i de somatiske celler hos et individ eller en art kaldes det somatiske antal og betegnes 2n.Således svarer 2n til 46 kromosomer hos mennesket Talk of the topic: Various definitions of karyotype as per Google top 10 results. Key elements to define the karyotype. The general definition of karyotype and our own definition of it. Discussing things makes everything clear and understandable. Especially in science, in order to understand various aspects, we need to discuss things Karyotype definition: the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species , with... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Log In Dictionar

A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryote cell. The term is also used of the complete set of chromosomes in a species, or an individual organism.It describes the number of chromosomes, and what they look like under a light microscope.Attention is paid to their length, the position of the centromeres, any differences between the sex chromosomes, and. The description of any human karyotype begins with two basic components separated by a comma; the total number of chromosomes is listed first, followed by the sex chromosome complement. Thus, a normal male karyotype is written as 46,XY, and a normal female karyotype is designated as 46,XX Karyotype and Idiogram PPT (Karyotype, Idiogram and its Significance PPT) What is Karyotype? What is Karyotyping? How Human Karyotype is Prepared? What type of cell samples are used for karyotyping? What is Idiogram? What are the significance of Karyotype Analysis? What are the applications of Clinical Karyotyping? Modern methods in Karyotyping

Abnormal karyotype (chromosomal disorders) that may be detected include: Down syndrome (Trisomy 21) , caused by an extra chromosome 21; this may occur in all or most cells of the body. Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18) , a condition associated with severe mental retardation; caused by an extra chromosome 18 Definition Normal karyotype is a karyotype in which the number and the appearance of chromosomes in the genome are similar to the normal genome of the species while abnormal karyotype is a karyotype in which the number and the appearance of chromosomes in the genome is dissimilar to the normal genome of the species. This explains the basic. Karyotype Karyotyp Engelsk definition. The full set of CHROMOSOMES presented as a systematized array of METAPHASE chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single CELL NUCLEUS arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the CENTROMERE. (From Stedman, 25th ed) Se även. Karyotypin Karyotype Definition. Karyotype refers to the arrangement of chromosomes in their matched (homologous) pairs. For the purposes of this definition, we will be referring to human chromosomes, although there is a karyotype characteristic for each species

'This SC karyotype is very similar to karyotypes developed from pachytene chromosome squashes.' 'In addition to markers from the linkage map, we also probed karyotypes with ribosomal RNA gene sequences and 4 of the 12 ungrouped markers. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube

KARYOTYPE. The first 22 chromosomes are the same in males and females. It is the 23rd chromosome, known as the sex chromosomes, that determines whether the person is male or female. Females have two Xs and males have one X and one Y. Since the above figure shows two X chromosomes, this karyotype is from a typical female These diagrams are known as human karyotypes, and show all the chromosomes aligned in pairs. The blue box shows the two sex chromosomes - these are different sizes, therefore an X (larger. Karyotyp a Chromozomová mutace · Vidět víc » Embryonální kmenová buňka Soubor několika lidských embryonálních kmenových buňek Embryonální kmenová buňka (ESC - z angl. embryonic stem cell) je pluripotentní kmenová buňka nacházející se ve vnitřní buněčné mase raného embrya ve stadiu tzv karyotype definition in English dictionary, karyotype meaning, synonyms, see also 'karyotypic',karyo',karyotypical',karyolymph'. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionar First, some background: A karyotype is a picture of the chromosomes in a cell. A karyotype is used to see what kinds of chromosomes a person has. It is created by taking a blood or tissue sample from a person, and then staining the chromosomes with dye and photographing them through a microscope. The photograph is then cut up and rearranged so that the chromosomes are lined up into.

The trisomy 21 karyotype figure shows the chromosomal arrangement, with the prominent extra chromosome 21. Trisomy 21 is the cause of approximately 95% of observed Down syndrome, with 88% coming from nondisjunction in the maternal gamete and 8% coming from nondisjunction in the paternal gamete Synonyms for karyotype in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for karyotype. 5 words related to karyotype: physical composition, composition, make-up, makeup, constitution. What are synonyms for karyotype

Overview. Triple X syndrome, also called trisomy X or 47,XXX, is a genetic disorder that affects about 1 in 1,000 females. Females normally have two X chromosomes in all cells — one X chromosome from each parent Karyotype Definition. 1. What is a karyotype? The name karyotype is given to the set of chromosomes of an individual, usually when visualized and identified under the microscope. The visualization generally takes place when the cells are undergoing the initial phases of cell division, so tha the chromosomes may be seen already replicated and. A 46, XY disorder of sex development (DSD) is a condition in which an individual with one X chromosome and one Y chromosome in each cell, the pattern normally found in males, have genitalia that is not clearly male or female.Infants with this condition tend to have penoscrotal hypospadias, abnormal development of the testes, and reduced to no sperm production noun karyotype the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size. 1; noun karyotype The number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the cell nuclei of an organism or species. 1; noun karyotype the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size.

Karyotype Definition. A pictorial presentation of an individual's chromosomes, taken from microphotographs (photographs taken through a microscope) and arranged in a numeric sequence that aligns the chromosomes from largest to smallest. This standardized presentation allows the geneticist to analyze an individual's chromosomal profile Karyotype, 4 meanings, Noun: The observed characteristics (number, type, shape, etc) of the chromosomes of an individual or species Medical Definition of Karyocyte. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Karyocyte: Any cell that possesses a nucleus. A neuron (nerve cell) is a karyocyte; it has a nucleus. A mature erythrocyte (red blood cell) is not a karyocyte; it lacks a nucleus

Video: Karyotyp člověka Genetika - Biologi

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Karyotype definition of karyotype by Medical dictionar

  1. g, objevitel mitosis, v roce 1882. byl Jméno razil jinou německou anatomem, Heinrich von Waldeyer v 1888. je New latina od starořeckého κάρυον Karyon, jádra, semeno.
  2. Dictionary entry overview: What does karyotype mean? • KARYOTYPE (noun) The noun KARYOTYPE has 1 sense:. 1. the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes) Familiarity information: KARYOTYPE used as a noun is very rare
  3. Karyotype (karyo-type): an organized visual representation of the chromosomes in the cell nucleus arranged according to characteristics such as number, size, and shape. Biology Prefixes and Suffixes: -plasm, plasmo

translation and definition karyotype (genetics), Dictionary English-English online. karyotype (genetics) Example sentences with karyotype (genetics), translation memory. springer. Numeric estimates were also used for the recognition, interpretation, and reporting of structural aberrations of submitted karyotypes The mutations resulting in the change of chromosomal number or structure are characterized by a karyotype. Picture of the chromosome pattern in males is known as a male karyotype. An image of the chromosome pattern in females is known as a female karyotype. This is the difference between male and female karyotypes

KaryotypingHub - Learn to karyotyp

  1. karyotype: The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes. karyotype - definition and meaning Communit
  2. Karyotyping definition, the analysis of chromosomes. See more
  3. Karyogram is a related term of karyotype. In context|genetics|lang=en terms the difference between karyogram and karyotype is that karyogram is (genetics) a graphical representation of a karyotype while karyotype is (genetics) a record of such characteristics, usually photographic. As nouns the difference between karyogram and karyotype is that karyogram is (genetics) a graphical.
  4. The definition of complete remission (CR), therapeutic failures, overall survival (OS), and relapse-free survival (RFS) followed recommended criteria. 16 Pairwise comparisons between patient characteristics (covariates) were performed by Mann-Whitney U or Kruskal-Wallis test for continuous variables and by Fisher exact test for categorical.
  5. Down syndrome is a common genetic disorder that affects about 400,000 Americans. Each year, about 6,000 babies are born in the United States with Down syndrome, a disorder caused by abnormal cell division that results in an extra chromosome, specifically chromosome 21

Karyotype Definition of Karyotype at Dictionary

karyotype[′kar·ē·ə‚tīp] (cell and molecular biology) The complement of chromosomes characteristic of an individual, species, genus, or other grouping. An organized array of the chromosomes from a single cell, grouped according to size, centromere position, and banding pattern, if any. McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E. A karyotype (Greek karyon = kernel, seed or nucleus) is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.The term is also used for the complete set of chromosomes in a species, or an individual organism. [1] [2] [3]Karyotypes describe the number of chromosomes, and what they look like under a light microscope.Attention is paid to their length, the position of the.

KARYOTYPE 14 Definitions of Karyotype - YourDictionar

The Karyotype class is the central class of the ISCNAnalyser dll. Classes using Karyotype Only its collection class, Karyotypes, uses the Karyotype class; a Karyotypes object may contain 0, 1 or many Karyotype objects. Classes used by Karyotyp Complex karyotype and translocation t(4;14) define patients with high-risk newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: results of CMG2002 trial Leuk Lymphoma. 2012 May;53(5):920-7. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2011.634042. Epub 2011 Dec 13. Authors Pavel Nemec 1.

Karyotype - definition of karyotype by The Free Dictionar

Tvar, velikost a počet chromozomů v buňce jsou poměrně charakteristické a konstantní druhové znaky. Např. člověk má 23 párů chromozomů, žížala - 18 párů, pes - 39 párů. Soubor chromozomů v buňce označujeme jako karyotyp. O lidském karyotypu se dočtete více v kapitole karyotyp člověka. Mikrostavba chromozom Human Karyotype ( Chromosomes) 1. Karyotype 2. Karyotype Definition: A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosome in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell The term is also used for the complete set of chromosomes in a species or in an individual organism and for a test that detects this complement or measures the numbe Definition of the noun karyotype. What does karyotype mean as a name of something? noun - plural: karyotypes. the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes A pair of homologous chromosomes contains chromosomes of similar length, gene position, and centromere location. Chromosomes are important molecules because they contain DNA and genetic instructions for the direction of all cell activity. They also carry genes that determine individual traits that can be inherited through reproduction Venipuncture: Thoroughly cleanse the area with a Betadine® scrub or similar preparation followed by a rinse with 70% alcohol (ethanol may be used instead of isopropyl and is less toxic). Collect 1 to 10 mL of blood into a heparinized tube. Invert the tube several times to prevent coagulation. If a Vacutainer® is used, let off any remaining vacuum by inserting a hypodermic needle or loosening.

Chromozomální vyšetření (karyotyp) GENNE

Definition of xyy karyotype in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of xyy karyotype. What does xyy karyotype mean? Information and translations of xyy karyotype in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web Angelman syndrome is a complex genetic disorder that primarily affects the nervous system. Characteristic features of this condition include delayed development, intellectual disability, severe speech impairment, and problems with movement and balance (ataxia)

Examples of how to use karyotype in a sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary Lab The main difference between karyotype and karyogram is that the karyotype is the number, size, and shape of chromosomes of a particular organism whereas the karyogram is a visual profile of stained chromosomes in a standard format.Furthermore, a karyotype describes the characteristics of chromosomes while a karyogram helps to visualize those characteristics Monosomy Definition. Monosomy is an example of aneuploidy, which is an imbalance in chromosome numbers. This means that we can either find extra or missing chromosomes in the cells as a result of mistakes that occur during cell division.In a monosomy, one chromosome of a homologous pair is missing. In the case of human beings, we normally have two copies of each chromosomes; one from each. karyotype - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. All Free

Complex karyotype is a stronger predictor than del(17p) for an inferior outcome in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients treated with ibrutinib-based regimens Cancer . 2015 Oct 15;121(20):3612-21. doi: 10.1002/cncr.29566 Karyotype Definition from Language, Idioms & Slang Dictionaries & Glossaries. English English Dictionaries. hEnglish - advanced version. karyotype n : the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes

Definice karyotypu Celková Hodnota Tohoto Konceptu

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